MK Nature Design is concerned with the rise of sea levels. Already five islands have been lost, the arctic and antarctic ice is melting and even the snow in the Indian mountains is melting. It’s surprising but the loss of glacier ice in the mountains is causing drought. In addition, coastal cities and small islands will all be impacted by the rise in sea level!
Sea level rise is due to the melting of glaciers as well as the melt of the Greenland ice sheet and the Antarctic ice sheet.
The Pacific Ocean swallowed villages and five Solomon Islands in May 2016. The Paurata Tribe was forced to move up the mountain sides to escape the incoming waters from the ocean. Scientists link the sea level rise to climate change. Taro Island, a northwest Solomon Island, might be the first capital that is abandoned due to climatic warming. An entire town on this island had to move because of rising sea levels. Hotel rooms in these Solomon Islands are equipped with life preservers. The Solomon Islands are made of six main islands and thousands of others and are the least densely populated islands in that area. The islands cover approximately 10,000 square miles. Many people would like to move and some can’t afford to and there is ethnic conflicts between the people moving and the places they move to. It has been reported that six islands had severe erosion and five were lost completely. But all the islands studied had no human habitation except for Nuatambu. Those of Nuatambu Island are building stone walls by hand. The sea level rise is 1/4 to 2/5 ” per year which is about triple the global average. But if Greenland ice and antarctic ice melts it will be much worse. A predicted 49 feet by 2100. If you would like more information you can read the article with this link.
There are ten things you should know about sea level rise according to The Washington Post (May 2016). These are the following. 1) there is enough ice to raise sea level by 230 feet, 2) sea level has changed by hundreds of feet in the past, 3) sea levels are being changed very quickly, 4) it is possible that all the ice will melt, 5) scientists are working hard to see how sea levels rise with rising temperature, 6) not many people were around the last time sea levels changed so much, 7) sea level rise will not be stopping in the near future, 8) the amount the sea rises will not be the same everywhere, 9) arctic ice melt does not contribute directly to sea level rise because it’s already floating, and 10) the amount of money spent due to sea level rise will rise more quickly than the sea level itself. For more information click here.
One third of sea level rise is attributed to mountain glacier melt. 99% of earths land ice is held in Greenland and the antarctic. The biggest ice loss from 2003 to 2009 was Arctic Canada, Alaska, coastal Greenland, Southern Andes and the Himalayas. Two different models predict that if all the glaciers were to melt, the sea level rise would be two feet, if all of the Greenland ice sheet were to melt, the sea level rise would be 20 feet and if the Antarctic ice were to melt the sea level rise would be 200 feet. For more information read this report. In recent reports however, Antarctic ice is not melting as fast as the Arctic ice.
It has been estimated that a sea level rise of 2.2″ is due to the melt of the Greenland ice sheet and the antarctic ice sheet (Live Science, May 2013). This article tries to estimate the rise of sea level due to glaciers with the help of satellites. Some antarctic ice was lost but then regained somewhere else. However, ice was lost in glaciers in the Canadian arctic, Alaska, coastal Greenland, southern Andes and high mountain Asia. Glaciers were responsible for 0.03″ sea level rise between 2003 and 2009, 30% of the sea level rise. This summary gives you more information. Please be aware that it is a second article about the same research as the paragraph above.
However, this mountain ice melt can lead to drought on land (The Times of India, June 2016). It has been reported that 95% of the Tibetan glaciers have melted in this article. The glaciers have retreated leaving springs dried up and a shortage of water for people, animals and plants. Some amphibians are extinct and malaria is on the rise. Nomads travelling by trucks have impacted the fragile deserts. This type of land degradation is important and to be avoided. The United Nations promotes international cooperation to reduce land degradation and drought. It also wishes to “combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world.” (The Times of India, June 17, 2016).
Therefore glacier ice melt contributes to sea level rise but it also causes drought in the mountains it came from. Sea level rise is a reality. Many coastal cities and small islands will be impacted dramatically. It is time to reduce the effects of climate change. Think renewable. Invest in renewable as soon as it becomes affordable for the general public. Think clean energy!!!
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